Sunday, 28 August 2016


Want to know how much you've scored ?

VTU adopts absolute grading system wherein the marks are converted to grades, and every semester results will be declared with semester grade point average (SGPA) and Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA). The CGPA will be calculated every semester, except the first semester. Download the below PDF file to know how to calculate your percentage and how various grades are allotted.


The grading system is with the following letter grades as given below:

A student obtaining Grade “F” shall be considered failed and will be required to reappear in the examination.
Such students after passing the failed subject in subsequent examination/s will be awarded with “E” grade irrespective of marks he/she scores in the subsequent examination/s.
Number of attempts taken to clear a subject/s shall be shown in the transcripts.

Computation of SGPA and CGPA

The following procedure to compute the Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) and Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA):

1. The SGPA is the ratio of sum of the product of the number ofcredits with the grade points scored by a student in all the courses taken by a student and the sum of the number ofcredits of all the courses undergone by a student, i.e
  SGPA (Si) = Σ(Ci x Gi) / ΣCi
where Ci is the number of credits of the ith course and Gi is the grade point scored by the student in the ith course.

2. The CGPA is also calculated in the same manner taking into account all the courses undergone by a student over all the semesters of a programme, i.e.
CGPA = Σ(Ci x Si) / Σ Ci
where Si is the SGPA of the ith semester and Ci is the total number of credits in that semester.

3. The SGPA and CGPA shall be rounded off to 2 decimal places and reported in the transcripts.

Illustration for Computation of SGPA and CGPA

Transcript (Format): Based on the above recommendations on Letter grades, grade points, SGPA and CCPA, the transcript for each semester and a consolidated transcript indicating the performance in all semesters may be issued.

Conversion formula for the conversion of GPA into Percentage is
[CGPA Earned - 0.75] x 10= Percentage of marks scored.
Illustration: [CGPA Earned 8.2 - 0.75]x 10 = 74.5%